The Medical Termination of Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

Medical termination of pregnancy is a safe and effective method for ending a pregnancy. In this guide, we discuss the process, what to expect, and potential risks associated with medical termination of pregnancy.

What is the Medical Procedure for Termination?

Medical termination of pregnancy is typically done using a combination of two medications, mifepristone and misoprostol. Mifepristone works by blocking progesterone receptors and preventing the embryo from developing. Misoprostol softens the cervix, which facilitates the expulsion of the embryo from the uterus. To perform medical termination of pregnancy, you will need to take both medications at home or in a clinic setting.

What Are the Risks?

Although medical termination of pregnancy is generally safe, there are some risks to consider. The most common side effect of the medications is cramping and bleeding. There may also be nausea, vomiting, fever or chills. Rarely, the medications may not work or you could experience an incomplete abortion where some tissue is left in the uterus that requires further treatment. Additionally, there is a small risk of infection or damage to the uterus if either of the medications are not taken correctly.

What are the Advantages of Medically Terminating a Pregnancy?

One of the main advantages of medical termination is that it is more private and less invasive than surgical abortion. Additionally, the process can be reversed if you change your mind within 24 hours of taking the first medication. Medical abortion also offers a shorter recovery time with fewer risks, such as infection and damage to the uterus. Finally, it can be done earlier in pregnancy than surgical methods which gives you more control over when you receive treatment.

How Will I Feel Afterwards?

After having a medical termination of pregnancy, it is normal for women to experience some physical and emotional reactions. Physically, you may have cramping and bleeding that can last for several days or weeks, as well as headaches, nausea and fatigue. Emotionally, you may feel sadness, guilt or relief—all of which are understandable responses to this experience. It’s important to seek the support of loved ones during such a difficult time. Some women also find it helpful to talk with a professional therapist if they need extra assistance in coping with their emotions.

Is There Anything I Need to Consider Before Choosing Medical Termination?

When considering medical termination of pregnancy, it’s important to understand what the procedure entails and think through any potential risks. You should consider talking to a healthcare professional who can provide you with more information about medical termination of pregnancy, as well as discuss other available options. Additionally, ask questions about any possible complications that may occur during the process. It’s also important to evaluate what happens after the procedure and know what kind of emotional and physical care you’ll need during your recovery period.

Terminating a pregnancy for medical reasons (TFMR) | Tommy's (

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